Resources on pH Balance, Electrolytes and Trace Minerals


Links on Eectrolytes

Fluid and Electrolyte Balance (National Library of Medicine)  
Electrolytes are minerals in your body that have an electric charge. They are in your blood, urine and body fluids. Maintaining the right balance of electrolytes helps your body's blood chemistry, muscle action and ...  - Health Topics

Electrolytes Test (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)  
... of this website will be limited. Search Help? Electrolytes Also known as: Lytes Formal name: Electrolyte Panel Related tests: Sodium , Potassium , Chloride , Bicarbonate (or ...  - External Health Links


Problems with Electrolyte Balance (Merck & Co., Inc.)  
Problems With Electrolyte Balance The level of any electrolyte in the blood can become too high or too low. The main electrolytes in the blood are sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, ...  - External Health Links

Polyethylene glycol-electrolyte solution (PEG-ES) 
Polyethylene glycol-electrolyte solution (PEG-ES) is used to cleanse the bowel before a gastrointestinal examination or surgery. It works by ... Polyethylene glycol-electrolyte solution (PEG-ES) comes as a powder to take by mouth. You should prepare the solution in the ...  - Drugs and Supplements

Minerals and Electrolytes (Merck & Co., Inc.)  
... without medical supervision may have harmful (toxic) effects. Electrolytes: Some minerals—especially the macrominerals—are important as electrolytes. The body uses electrolytes to help regulate nerve ...  - External Health Links Water-Electrolyte Imbalance (National Institutes of Health)"Water-Electrolyte+Imbalance" - External Health Links

Electrolytes are minerals in your blood and other body fluids that carry an electric charge. See also: ... chloride Serum magnesium Serum phosphorus Serum sodium Sweat electrolytes  - Medical Encyclopedia

Electrolytes - urine 
The electrolytes - urine test measures specific chemicals called electrolytes in urine. It usually measures the levels of calcium, chloride, ...  - Medical Encyclopedia

Total Parenteral Nutrition 
... for energy), proteins (for muscle strength), lipids (fat), electrolytes, and trace elements. Your solution may contain all ... in addition to other substances, to stay healthy. Electrolytes include sodium, potassium, chloride, phosphate, calcium, and magnesium. ...  - Drugs and Supplements

Hydration Solution for Injection 
... a combination of sugar and carbohydrates (for energy), electrolytes, and trace elements. Your solution may contain all ... some of these substances, depending on your condition. Electrolytes include sodium, potassium, chloride, phosphate, calcium, and magnesium. ...  - Drugs and Supplements

Sweat electrolytes test 
Sweat electrolytes is a test that measures the level of chloride in sweat. Although genetic tests have become important ...  - Medical Encyclopedia

Problems with Heat and Cold: Health Information for International Travel (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)  
... hat markedly reduces radiant heat exposure. Fluid and Electrolyte Replacement During exertion, fluid intake improves performance and ... prevent significant dehydration. During mild to moderate exertion, electrolyte replacement offers no advantage over plain water. However, ...  - External Health Links

Basic Blood Tests (Nemours Foundation)  
... sugar, blood tests measure other substances. Tests for Electrolytes Typically, tests for electrolytes measure levels of sodium, potassium, chloride, and bicarbonate ...  - External Health Links

Muscle Cramp (American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons)  
... the muscle to keep contracting. Heat, Dehydration, and Electrolyte Depletion Muscle cramps are more likely when you ...  - External Health Links

Kidney Cancer (American Urological Association)  
... caused by too much fluid in the body. electrolytes: Chemicals in the body fluids that result from ... and chloride. The kidneys control the amount of electrolytes in the body. When the kidneys fail, electrolytes ...  - External Health Links

Home Enteral Nutrition (HEN) Complication Chart (Oley Foundation) - PDF  
... and rate of HEN feedings. 3. Fluid or Electrolyte Imbalances Symptoms: Rapid weight loss or weight gain; ...  - External Health Links

Kidney Cancer in Children (American Urological Association)  
... caused by too much fluid in the body. electrolytes: Chemicals in the body fluids that result from ... and chloride. The kidneys control the amount of electrolytes in the body. When the kidneys fail, electrolytes ...  - External Health Links

Laxative Abuse (National Eating Disorders Association) - PDF  
... death. Health consequences of laxative abuse: Upset of electrolyte and mineral balances . Sodium, potassium, magnesium, and phosphorus are electrolytes and minerals that are present in very specific ...  - External Health Links

JAMA Patient Page: Preventing Dehydration from Diarrhea (American Medical Association) - PDF  
... body needs the correct amount of water and electrolytes (salts) to function properly. Diarrhea causes excess loss of fluids and essential electrolytes from the body. When fluid lost in the ...  - External Health Links

Potassium (American Heart Association)  
... AHA Recommendation Potassium is an element (and an electrolyte) that's essential for the body's growth and maintenance. ... significantly lower blood pressure. AHA Scientific Statements: Dietary Electrolytes and Blood Pressure See also: Calcium, Dietary Guidelines ...  - External Health Links

Bismuth Subsalicylate 
... works by decreasing the flow of fluids and electrolytes into the bowel, reduces inflammation within the intestine, ... - Drugs and Supplements

Vomiting (Nemours Foundation)  
... ½ ounce (about 20 milliliters) — of an oral electrolyte solution every 15 to 20 minutes with a spoon or an oral syringe. Oral electrolyte solutions (available at most supermarkets or pharmacies and ...   - External Health Links

Bicarbonate Test (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)  
... Bicarb; HCO 3 - Formal name: Bicarbonate Related tests: Electrolyte panel ; Sodium ; Potassium ; Chloride ; CMP ; BMP ; Blood gases ... sodium, potassium, and chloride as part of an electrolyte panel . The electrolyte panel is used to detect, ...  - External Health Links

Diarrhea (National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases)  
... has lost too much fluid and too many electrolytes and can’t function properly. Dehydration is particularly ... may require hospitalization. Preventing Dehydration The fluid and electrolytes lost during diarrhea need to be replaced promptly ...   - External Health Links

Phosphates, phosphorus 
... kidney function, and can lead to potentially serious electrolyte imbalances, adverse effects, or death. In adults, phosphorus ... used orally or rectally require monitoring of serum electrolytes. Intravenous phosphate is likely safe when used as ... l - Drugs and Supplements

Sodium Test (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)  
... Related tests: Chloride , Bicarbonate (or total CO2) , Potassium , Electrolyte panel , Osmolality , BMP , CMP , Aldosterone , ADH At a ... doctor may order this test, along with other electrolytes , to screen for an electrolyte imbalance. It may ...  - External Health Links

Chloride Test (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)  
... Chloride Related tests: Sodium , Potassium , Bicarbonate (total CO2) , Electrolyte panel , CMP , BMP At a Glance Test Sample ... chloride testing is often ordered, along with other electrolytes , as part of a regular physical to screen ...  - External Health Links

... mouth/throat burning, dangerously low blood pressure, blood electrolyte imbalances, seizure, throat swelling that interferes with breathing, ... diarrhea, intestinal cramping, and loss of fluid and electrolytes (such as potassium). Use of rhubarb may lead ...  - Drugs and Supplements

Water Balance (Merck & Co., Inc.)  
... being able to drink enough fluids. Mineral salts (electrolytes), such as sodium and potassium, are dissolved in the water in the body. Water balance and electrolyte balance ( Minerals and Electrolytes: Electrolytes ) are closely linked. ...  - External Health Links

Aloe (Aloe vera) 
... liver inflammation) with the use of oral aloe. Electrolyte imbalances in the blood, including low potassium levels, ... weakness. People with heart disease, kidney disease, or electrolyte abnormalities should not take aloe by mouth. Healthcare ...  - Drugs and Supplements

Acidosis and Alkalosis (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)  
... and monitor acid-base disorders are: Blood gases Electrolytes Blood gases are a group of tests performed ... retention of HCO 3 - and excretion of acid Electrolytes refers to a group of four tests: Na + ( ...   - External Health Links

Delirium (Merck & Co., Inc.)  
... stop using heroin. Disorders: Abnormal blood levels of electrolytes, such as calcium, sodium, or magnesium, can interfere ... of nerve cells and lead to delirium. Abnormal electrolyte levels may result from use of a diuretic, ...  - External Health Links

Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)  
... the current status of your kidneys, liver, and electrolyte and acid/base balance as well as of ... decreases in these test results can be significant. Electrolytes Sodium Potassium CO2 (carbon dioxide, bicarbonate) Chloride The ...  - External Health Links

Dietary Considerations for Vestibular Disorders (Vestibular Disorders Association)  
... stable concentrations of sodium, potassium, chloride, and other electrolytes. With injury or disease, the volume and composition ... as ibuprofen, can interfere cause water retention or electrolyte imbalance. Nicotine (found in tobacco products and some ...  - External Health Links



Links on pH balance

The kidneys and lungs maintain the balance (proper pH level) of chemicals called acids and bases in the body. Acidosis occurs when acid builds up or when bicarbonate (a base) is ...  - Medical Encyclopedia


Bicarbonate Test (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)  
... doctor wants to evaluate your body’s acid-base balance ( pH ); your doctor wants to monitor a condition or treatment that might cause an electrolyte imbalance. ^ Back to ... its acid-base balance or that you have upset your electrolyte balance, ...      - External Health Links

Human Gene Catalog Shows It's Mostly a Mystery 
... of microbes not only process vitamins, but maintain pH balance on the skin, prevent tooth decay, protect against ...  - News

Smear of duodenal fluid aspirate 
... in the body can be confirmed by the pH (acid-base balance) of the fluid obtained, or by an x- ...  - Medical Encyclopedia

Kidneys and Urinary Tract (Nemours Foundation)  
... addition, the kidneys help regulate the acid-base balance (or the pH) of the blood and body fluids, which is ...  - External Health Links

Distal renal tubular acidosis 
The goal is to restore the normal pH (acid-base level) and electrolyte balance. This will indirectly correct bone disorders and reduce the risk of calcium buildup in the kidneys (nephrocalcinosis) and kidney stones. The underlying cause ...  - Medical Encyclopedia

It is important to keep a balance of electrolytes in your body, ... and you must replace them by drinking fluids. Electrolytes exist ...  - Medical Encyclopedia

Heart Disease: Tests (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)  
... Gases – performed to evaluate oxygen, carbon dioxide, and pH levels Complete Metabolic Panel (CMP) – a group of tests used to evaluate organ function Electrolytes – four tests that evaluate the body’s electrolyte balance Complete Blood Count (CBC) – looks at the body’s ...  - External Health Links

Blood gases 
... also provides information about the body's acid/base balance, which ... Metabolic acidosis Respiratory acidosis Respiratory alkalosis  - Medical Encyclopedia

Acidosis and Alkalosis (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)  
... those with conditions known to affect acid-base balance , such as chronic lung ... vein). They are a snapshot of the blood's pH , PO 2 (the amount of oxygen in the ...   - External Health Links

Kidney and Urinary Tract Function, Disorders, and Diseases (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)  
... it back to the heart with the right balance of chemicals and fluid for use throughout the ... to control are sodium, potassium, chloride, bicarbonate (HCO3-), pH , calcium, phosphate, and magnesium. Next » Understanding Your Tests ... - External Health Links

Formed elements of blood (image) 
... tissues. Blood helps maintain body temperature and normal pH levels in body tissues. The protective functions of blood ...  - Medical Encyclopedia

Cesium Chloride (American Cancer Society)  
... cells, and that cesium chloride supplements raise the pH level of tumor cells to a normal level, which may slow the cancer's growth. Since proponents claim cesium chloride works by raising the pH of the tumor cells, its use in therapy ...  - External Health Links

Understanding Heartburn and Reflux Disease (American Gastroenterological Association)  
... may choose one of two methods to measure pH (acid) levels in the esophagus. In ambulatory nasoesophageal pH monitoring, a tube connected to a recording device ...  - External Health Links

Ventricular tachycardia 
... in blood chemistry (such as a low potassium level) Changes in pH (acid-base) Lack of enough oxygen "Torsade de ...  - Medical Encyclopedia

Electrolytes Test (American Association for Clinical Chemistry)  
... may order blood gas tests , which measure the pH and oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in an arterial blood sample, to help evaluate ...  - External Health Links



Links on Trace Minerals

Minerals (Nemours Foundation)  
... The two kinds of minerals are: macrominerals and trace minerals . Macro means "large" in Greek (and your body needs larger amounts of macrominerals than trace minerals). The macromineral group is made up of calcium, ...  - External Health Links

Minerals and Electrolytes (Merck & Co., Inc.)  
... molybdenum, selenium, and zinc. These minerals are called trace minerals. Except for chromium, all trace minerals are incorporated into enzymes or hormones required in ...  - External Health Links

Minerals (National Library of Medicine)  
... There are two kinds of minerals: macrominerals and trace minerals. Macrominerals are minerals your body needs in larger ... sulfur. Your body needs just small amounts of trace minerals. These include iron, manganese, copper, iodine, zinc, cobalt, ...  - Health Topics

Iodine in diet 
Iodine is a trace mineral and an essential nutrient found naturally in the body. ... Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007. Mason, MB. Vitamins, trace minerals, and other micronutrients. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, ...  - Medical Encyclopedia

CAM and Diabetes: A Focus on Dietary Supplements (National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine)  
... sugar levels very carefully. Chromium is an essential trace mineral—that is, the body requires small amounts of ... fruit, seeds, stems, and roots. ginseng and the trace mineral vanadium might help control glucose levels. Some people ...  - External Health Links

Herbs, Vitamins, and Minerals (American Cancer Society)  
... chemicals including flavonoids, alkanoids, polysaccharides, amino acids, and trace minerals such as selenium, calcium, magnesium, zinc, and copper. ... remedies. READ MORE » Zinc Zinc is an essential trace mineral that plays a key role in many important ...  - External Health Links

Copper (American Cancer Society)  
... copper. What is the evidence? Copper is a trace mineral that is needed for many important body processes. ... JJ. Copper supplementation and the maintenance of bone mineral density in middle-aged women. J Trace Elem Exp Med. 1996;9:87-94. Finefrock ...  - External Health Links

Vitamins and Minerals (Nemours Foundation)  
... copper, iodine, iron, selenium, and zinc are called trace minerals because you only need very small amounts of ...  - External Health Links

... 2008:35(4);729-747. Mason JB. Vitamins, trace minerals, and other micronutrients. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine . 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 237. Anderson ...  - Medical Encyclopedia

Selenium in diet 
Selenium is an essential trace mineral. Small amounts of selenium are good for your health.  - Medical Encyclopedia

Copper in diet 
Copper is an essential trace mineral present in all body tissues.  - Medical Encyclopedia

Iron in diet 
... 74(9):1527-32. Review. Mason, MB. Vitamins, trace minerals, and other micronutrients. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, ...  - Medical Encyclopedia

Zinc in diet 
Zinc is an important trace mineral. This element is second only to iron in its concentration in the body.  - Medical Encyclopedia

Iron (National Institutes of Health, Office of Dietary Supplements)  
... Hunt JR. Bioavailability of iron, zinc, and other trace minerals from vegetarian diets. Am J Clin Nutr 2003; ...  - External Health Links

Diet and Nutrition (American Optometric Association)  
... and retinal function. Zinc Zinc is an essential trace mineral or ‘helper molecule.’ It plays a vital role ...  - External Health Links

Trace Elements: What They Do and Where to Get Them (Texas Heart Institute)  
... Vitamin and Mineral Supplement Fact Sheets (including selected trace elements) Updated July 2010 If you need information ...  - External Health Links

Primer on Water Quality (U.S. Geological Survey)  
... The most common dissolved substances in water are minerals or salts that, as a group, are ... and trace elements such as selenium, chromium, and arsenic. In ...  - External Health Links

... macromineral metabolism, hormonal status and immune function. J Trace Elements Experimental Med 1999;12(3):251-261. Nielsen FH, Hunt CD, Mullen LM, et al. Effect of dietary boron on mineral, estrogen, and testosterone metabolism in postmenopausal women. FASEB ...  - Drugs and Supplements

Copper is a mineral that occurs naturally in many foods, including vegetables, legumes, nuts, grains and fruits, as well as shellfish, avocado, and ... individuals may require supplementation with copper (and other trace elements). A Age-related macular degeneration There is ...  - Drugs and Supplements



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